There are about 30 airports meant for passenger and cargo transportation. Sixteen of them are international. Air travels are expensive for most of Ukrainians. Tickets for domestic flights cost three to five times as much as train tickets. For this reason only ten Ukrainian airports are regarded as functional.
Below there is a list of Ukrainian airports providing international air traffic.
- Boryspil International Airport (Kyiv Oblast)
- Kyiv (Zhuliany) International Airport (Kyiv)
- Dnipro (Dnipropetrovsk) International Airport (Dnipro)
- Ivano-Frankivsk International Airport (Ivano-Frankivsk)
- Lviv Danylo Halytskyi International Airport (Lviv)
- Chernivtsi International Airport (Chernivtsi)
- Odessa International Airport (Odessa)
- Zaporizhia International Airport (Zaporizhia)
- Kharkiv International Airport (Kharkiv)
- Donetsk International Airport (Donetsk)
- Luhansk International Airport
Boryspil International Airport (Kyiv Oblast)
IATA code: KBP. For public and military usage.
Boryspil International Airport is a major airport of Ukraine. Boryspil is a city situated not far from Ukrainian capital – Kyiv (30 km). The airport functions from 1959 and nowadays consists of three terminals (Cargo/Domestic and International Charter/International). Since 2011 free inter-terminal bus service is available. Cargo (F) terminal is a home base for Ukraine International Airlines.
Boryspil Airport serves 65% of country’s traffic including all intercontinental flights.
Kyiv (Zhuliany) International Airport (Kyiv)
IATA code: IEV. For public and military usage.
Zhuliany International Airport is owned by the municipality of Kyiv. The airport is named after Zhuliany neighborhood of Kyiv where it is located. Until the 1960s this airport was the only passenger airport in Kyiv. Kyiv International Airport is the main business aviation airport of Ukraine. It is connected to the main Kyiv highway infrastructure and is served by name city transport and private bus routes.
There is the Ukraine State Aviation Museum in one of the industrial estates neighboring airport. Today this museum is the largest aviation museum in country.
Dnipro (Dnipropetrovsk) International Airport (Dnipro)
IATA code: DNK. For public usage.
Dnipro International Airport is situated fifteen kilometers southeast from the center of Dnipro. The highest level of passenger’s traffic was registered in 1990. Since 2010 when the active phase oа reconstruction was started a slow growth in the number of passengers has been noted.
Nowadays it is owned by the local airline Dniproavia. This caused management problems and many foreign airlines have found it difficult to gain access to Dnipro.
Ivano-Frankivsk International Airport (Ivano-Frankivsk)
IATA code: IFO. For public and military usage.
Ivano-Frankivsk International Airport is situated four kilometers from the city center. Its traffic capacity is about 300 passengers per hour. The airport functions since 1959. In 1993 passenger plane Boeing-737 landed in the airport.
One of the concrete runways is used by the military as a parking lot.
Lviv Danylo Halytskyi International Airport (Lviv)
IATA code: LWO. For public and military usage.
The airport is located 6 kilometers from the central part of Lviv. It was established in 1929. Nowadays it has a name of the King Daniel of Galicia.
In preparation for Euro 2012 the airport was reconstructed. Nowadays its traffic capacity is about 2000 passengers per hour. The terminal has 29 check-in desks 20 of are meant for international flights.
Chernivtsi International Airport (Chernivtsi)
IATA code: CWC. For public usage.
The airport is situated in the South-Western part of Ukraine within the limits of city Chernivtsi. It was established in 1930. In 1937 it was considered as one of the best airports in Eastern Europe.
Chernivtsi International Airport has advantageous location, though scheduled flights aren’t operated by airlines. The airport is predominantly used by state aviation and freighters.
Odessa International Airport (Odessa)
IATA code: ODS. For public and military usage.
Odessa International Airport is located 7 kilometers southwest from the center of the city. It was built in 1961. Today it is one of the largest airports of Ukraine. It serves both domestic and international flights.
In 2007 reconstruction works were initiated. The main goal is construction of the new terminal. The work was planned to be completed in 2013, but in 2016 it continues.
Zaporizhia International Airport (Zaporizhia)
IATA code: OZH. For public usage.
The airport is located 15 kilometers to the East of the city center. It was established in 1965.
The beginning of 2000s was marked with the decrease of passenger traffic volume. The main reason – air-strip wear-out and poor service. The government plans to build the new terminal up to 2021.
Kharkiv International Airport (Kharkiv)
IATA code: HRK. For public usage.
The airport is located 12,5 kilometers southwest of the city center. It was established in 1932. Four years later it obtained the status of the best USSR airport.
Today Kharkiv International Airport is one of the most important airports of Ukraine. Its traffic capacity is more than 1600 passengers per hour. There are three terminals (for domestic and international flights).
Destroyed Ukrainian Airports
Donetsk International Airport (Donetsk)
IATA code: DOK. For public usage.
The nonoperational airport is locates 10 kilometers northwest of Donetsk. It was established in 1933. In 2011-2012 it was reconstructed in accordance with a program of Donetsk for Euro 2012. Donetsk International Airport was one of the most important airports of Ukraine. In 2014 13 airline companies operated flights to 17 cities of 12 countries.
In late May 2014 all the airline operations were suspended due to armed conflict in Donbass. All the buildings and facilities of the airport were destroyed.
Luhansk International Airport
IATA code: VSG. For public usage.
The nonoperational airport is locates 20 kilometers to the South of the city center. It was opened in 1964, the reconstruction was finished in 2006. Since December 2009 Luhansk International Airport was the base for the Ukrainian airline UTair-Ukraine.
In June 2014 the airport was officially closed due to armed conflict between Ukraine and Russia. Most buildings were completely destroyed.