Poltava is a city of Ukraine situated in the central part of the country on the river Vorskla. It is the administrative center of Poltava Oblast.
Area of Poltava – 110 square kilometers.
The population of Poltava is about 300 thousand inhabitants.
Poltava ZIP (postal) code: 36000-36499.
History of Poltava in short
Poltava is thought to be founded in 899, though the city was first mentioned in written sources in 1174.
The name of the city historians connect to the name of a settlement Ltava, located on the territory of contemporary Poltava.
From 14th century the lands of the region belonged to Grand Duchy of Lithuania, in 16th-17th centuries the city was under the Polish rule. In 1667 Poltava after a civil war broke out between the Polish rulers and Ukrainian people was burned down, and in 1667 its territory passed to the Russian Empire.
In summer of 1709 Poltava became the place where Swedish Empire ended and the Russian Empire rose. In the Battle of Poltava Swedish Army was defeated by the army of Tsar Peter I.
From the beginning of XVIII and until the beginning of XIX century Poltava was under the rule of the Russian Empire.
In 1920s after a few years of struggle between Ukrainian nationalists and Soviet invaders Poltava became the part of Soviet Union.
In 1991 Ukraine became independent and now Poltava is one of the 24 administrative centers of the country.
Poltava Oblast is important historical, cultural and agricultural region with lots of places of interest, modern institutions and industrial facilities.
Places of interest in Poltava
During the World War II many of city historical and cultural monuments were destroyed, some of them were reconstructed, and many new ones were created.
Poltava museums will help any visitor in understanding the city’s history and traditions, the way of life of local people, the role of Poltava in modern Ukraine establishment.
Poltava Regional Museum (The Poltava Museum of Local Lore)
Address: 2 Konstytutsii Street . Founded in 1891, nowadays the museum has unique collections of folk arts and antiques not only of Poltava region origin, but also of various parts of the world (India, Ancient Egypt, China, Japan, Indonesia). The pride of Poltava Region Museum is the collection of Cossack antiquities.
The Poltava Battle History Museum
Address: 32 Shveds’ka Mohyla Street. The museum was officially opened in 1909, now it is one of the UNESCO historical museums. The museum’s complex includes many monuments that relate to the Battle of Poltava, such as Monument to Peter I the Great, the Museum of 9 halls, obelisks at the places of redoubts, Sampsonyyvska Church.
Poltava Art Museum
Address: 5 Frunze Street. The museum was opened in April 1919 as an art gallery, not a museum. Nowadays there are two main expositions, containing works of art and ethnographical collections: Western European art (porcelain, sculptures, paintings with unique works of famous artists) and Ukrainian and Russian art (sculptures, furniture, church utensils).
Gogol Theatre of Musical Drama
Address: 23 Zhovtneva Street. The theatre was founded in 1818; the outstanding Ukrainian writer Ivan Kotlyarevsky became the first director. In 1958 the theatre was named after the great Poltava writer Mykola Gogol. Nowadays the auditorium of the theatre seats 800 spectators. Repertoire – international, Ukrainian and Russian drama.
Poltava Puppet Theatre
Address: 32 Pushkin Street. One of the oldest theatres of Ukraine, founded in 1938, Poltava Puppet Theatre now has a rich repertoire consisting of works by famous Ukrainian and international authors. The theatre troupe organizes performances in different countries of the world.
Parks and gardens
Address: Zhovtneva Street, Round Square. Park situated in the center of Poltava was founded in 1840. Its area is 0,06 square kilometers. The garden has round form and eight radial alleys. The key element of park composition is the monument ‘Glory’ erected in 1810s to commemorate the victory over Sweden army.
Korolenko University Botanical Garden
Address: 16 F. Morguna Street. The history of the Botanical Garden starts in the beginning of XX century. About 600 kinds of plants from all over the world grow in large greenery with area of 200 square meters. There are several departments: arboretum, flower department, agricultural and medical plants department.
Other Poltava attractions
Sightseeing in Poltava can include visits to many other sights. We list some of them.
Poltava Dumpling Monument
Address: Sobornaya Square. This monument memorialize the traditional Ukrainian dish ‘dumplings’ (‘galushki’) and looks like a huge bowl full of dumplings and a spoon. This monument symbolizes prosperity and abundance of Ukrainian family.
The White Arbor (the White Rotunda)
Address: Ivan Mountain. This construction commemorating the Battle of Poltava was first opened in 1909. It was erected on the site of former Poltava fortress had been located. During the World War II the White Arbor was destroyed, reconstructed in 1954 and renovated in 2004. There is an observation area near the sight; one can admire the views of Poltava suburbs, the Vorskla river and the Holy Cross Exaltation Monastery.
Savior (Spaska) Church
Address: 10 Zhovtneva Street. One of the most ancient temples of Poltava with first written notes about it dated 1686. The exterior part of the church consists of bricks, while the interior is wooden. Savior Church is one of three Poltava churches that survived 1930s when the most of religious buildings were destroyed.
Poltava is an important educational center. Students from Ukraine and other countries go into higher education in:
- Poltava National Technical University named after Y. Kondratyuk.
- Poltava National Pedagogical University named after V.G. Korolenko.
- Poltava Medical and Dental University.
- Poltava Agrarian State Academy.
- Poltava University of Economy and Trade.
Tourist information about Poltava
Airports and stations
The city has only one airport – Poltava Airport which is located near the villages Suprunivka and Ivashky approximately 7 km west of Poltava. In recent years it is used only for charter flights.
There two railway stations in Poltava:
- Poltava-Kyivs’ka (also Kyivs’ky vokzal);
- Poltava-Pivdenna (also Pivdenny vokzal).
The lines of both stations are electrified.
Public transportation in Poltava includes:
Poltava provides visitors with hotels for any taste and budget. Among the top Poltava hotels are:
- Palazzo Hotel.
- Gallery Hotel.
- Hotel Aristokrat.
- Hotel Alleya Grand.
List of top 5 Poltava restaurants:
- Myasnoy Dvorik (29/15 Zhovtneva Street). Cuisine: Eastern European.
- Palazzo Restaurant (33 Gogolya Street). Cuisine: Ukrainian, European, Asian.
- Dykan’ka (2B Grushevskogo Street). Cuisine: Ukrainian.
- Mimino (15 Marshala Biryuzova Street). Cuisine: Georgian.
- Vivat Province (3A Zenkovskaya Street). Cuisine: Ukrainian, European.
Weather in Poltava
The climate of Poltava and Poltava Oblast is moderate continental. Average annual temperature is about 8 °C. The coldest month is January, the hottest – July. The highest amount of precipitation is observed in July, the lowest – in February and March.